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Despite that, from the 1770s onward, most mapmakers continued to label the lake with the ancient Indian name "Hopatcong" as it continues to be used today.Even as George Macculloch fished upon the waters of the Great Pond in the early 1800s, envisioning how a cross-state canal would benefit local iron companies, he realized that a major source of water would be necessary to keep the canal system filled.After the ice receded over 12,000 years ago, it left behind two individual glacial lakes of disparate size, nearly two miles apart, called "Great Pond" and "Little Pond" in past centuries.In the early 1700s, the Great Pond stretched between Hopatcong State Park and Henderson Bay.The Musconetcong River begins at the dam’s base, and the building in the center of the photo controls the level of the lake and river.

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Over a mile wide in some places, less than eight hundred feet in others, its irregular shape consists of numerous points and coves.One thing is for certain: the name does not mean "honey waters of many coves", as fanciful early travel writers claimed.The third and last Lake Hopatcong dam, built in the 1920s, is located in Hopatcong State Park.And Little (or Bleachley's) Pond was a small body of water just south of Woodport.In his 1648 journal, one early explorer of northern New Jersey named a large inland body of water, possibly the Great Pond, the "Sandhay Sea"; the significance of the name is unknown.

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